Most modern wells are drilled, which requires a fairly complicated and expensive drill rig.
Drill rigs are often mounted on big trucks. They use rotary drill bits that chew away at the rock, percussion bits that smash the rock, or, if the ground is soft large auger bits.
Drilled wells can be drilled more than 1000 feet deep often a pump is placed at the bottom to push water to the surface. This water comes from the Aquifer in the ground.
Water wells are a very important part of the HRM, many families rely on natural water sources for there everyday use, therefore, wells should be maintained and should be tested on a regular basis to make sure you are drinking good clean water.
A good chance that the average Joe years ago had to dig a well with his hands, a shovel and a bucket. He would have kept digging until he reached the water table and the water filled the bottom of the hole.
Some wells are still dug by hand today this type of well is considered a ground water well. Pictured is a dug well hand pump.
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Where a well is not in use and its continued existence might constitute a safety hazard or allow a contaminant to enter the aquifer, the owner of the well shall fill and seal the well using a method approved by the Department of Environment.
If an individual or company is being contracted to carry out all operations incidental to the abandonment of water wells, they must be licensed water well contractor who holds a valid Nova Scotia water well contractors License.
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When water flows over the well head overflow packers are installed to stop water from flowing over the well head.
An owner of a flowing well must ensure that an appropriate certificate holder installs a well packer to stop and control the flow of water and to ensure that water is not discharged immediately around the well head.
Well Casing Extensions
Well heads must be above ground to comply with The regulations of the Nova Scotia Environment. It is common to encounter older drilled wells that have well heads buried beneath the ground surface or located in below ground well pits.
Well heads located below the ground surface increases the risk of of contamination to the well because of potential surface water intrusion. Well casings are used to extend the well to above ground and must be completed by a certified well driller.
Modern well construction methods and the introduction of pit-less adapters in the 1960’s have, in most cases, eliminated the need for well heads to be located below the ground surface.
We are here to help with all your water needs, from drilling a water well to hooking up a pump to making sure your water is good for drinking we will help you from start to finish and look forward to doing so.
What we do
We come to your property to determine where your well should be drilled.
We provide a quote, upon your acceptance of the quote we come back and begin drilling your well.
You will need a trench dug from the well to your house, call us when that stage is complete, we will come back and install a pitless adapter, waterlines and electrical lines.
When your house is built and ready we come and install your pressure tank, control box and install your pump in the well.
When we have completed step 4 you will need an electrician to hook up the components to your control box.
When your water has been running for a few days we highly recommend a water test be done.
Bluenose Water Cleaners would be happy to help you with water testing call them at 902-827-5844